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Published on: 4 Jan 2019 By

Employers: Consider these Sample New Year’s Resolutions

With the start of a new year comes the opportunity to reflect on your business’s labour relations and start tackling those items on your “to-do” list. Here are three sample New Year’s resolutions that may benefit your business: 1. Revise your template employment contract, if necessary One of…

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Published on: 2 Jan 2019 By

Ontario’s Environment Plan and Reduction of Sulphur Dioxide Emissions Regulation

On November 28th, 2018 the Ministry of Environment, Conservation and Parks (MECP) posted its climate change plan as part of its environmental plan. Preserving and Protecting our Environment for Future Generations: A Made in Ontario Environment Plan (“Environment Plan”) appears to commit Onta…

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Published on: 20 Dec 2018 By

“Protective” and “Preventative” Purpose of Ontario’s Environmental Protection Act Justifies Warrantless Inspection Powers

In a decision released December 14, 2018, the Ontario Court of Appeal clarified the legal test that authorizes a warrantless inspection under s. 156(1) of the Environmental Protection Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. E.19 (“EPA”). Facts of the Case In the case, Ontario (Environment and Climate Change) v…

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Published on: 20 Dec 2018 By

ONCA holds that umbrella purchasers have a cause of action in a price-fixing class action

Shah v LG Chem Ltd., 2018 ONCA 819 Background: In this class action, the plaintiffs allege that the defendants conspired to fix the prices of lithium-ion batteries (“LIBs”) in North America and elsewhere between January 2000 and December 2011. As a result, the plaintiffs paid higher prices f…

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Published on: 19 Dec 2018 By

Enforceability of Termination Clauses in Employment Contracts – Trending towards Clarity, or More Uncertainty?

It is a basic principle of employment law in Ontario that employees terminated without cause are presumed to be entitled to common law reasonable notice of termination unless the parties clearly agreed to a different notice period, typically through a termination clause in an employment agre…

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Published on: 19 Dec 2018 By

What is “shared custody” and how is it calculated?

In family law, the term “custody” usually means decision-making. Having “custody”  means having the ultimate decision-making power over important decisions regarding the child, such as what child the school will attend, what religion the child will be raised in, what major recreational activ…

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Published on: 18 Dec 2018 By

Ontario Court of Appeal Holds that Deterrence Justifies Minimum Fine in Environmental Prosecution

The Environmental Protection Act and the Ontario Water Resource Act are unique among Ontario’s environmental legislation for containing mandatory minimum fines.[1] A new decision from the Ontario Court of Appeal makes it clear that where minimum fines exist, a trial justice has very narrow d…

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Published on: 18 Dec 2018 By

Are gifts “income” for support purposes?

In a previous article, I set out a list of common situations wherein a court may impute income to a support payor, as set out in the Child Support Guidelines. One situation not specifically included in that list is the situation of “gifts”, which are non-taxable payments that do not appear o…

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Published on: 18 Dec 2018 By

2018 Year In Review For American and Canadian Whistleblower Programs

Fiscal Year 2018 was a nice year for tippers to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) whistleblower program (“SEC program”), thanks to some misbehaving companies. The SEC made record-breaking payouts of about $168 million to 13 whistleblowers in 2018. The SEC program was initia…

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