News & Publications

Wills & Estates

A Primer on Real Estate Issues in Estate Litigation

Written by on October 11, 2018.

This paper provides a high-level outline — the “Coles notes”— on frequently encountered real estate issues in estate litigation, specifically, claims arising from proprietary estoppel, the doctrine of part performance, unjust enrichment and the imposition of resulting trusts.  It also briefly reviews a pre-judgment remedy, i.e. the certificate of pending litigation, which regularly arises in such proceedings. The information below is not intended to provide an exhaustive analysis of ...

21st Annual Estates and Trusts Law Summit – October 10 & 11

Written by on October 05, 2018.

Siskinds associate Dagmara Wozniak will be speaking at the 21st Annual Estates and Trusts Law Society of Ontario Summit on October 10th, sharing her knowledge on the topic of “Real Estate Issues in Estate Litigation”. To find out more about the two-day summit, taking place at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre, click here:

What is a Qualified Disability Trust?

Written by on July 24, 2018.

The Qualified Disability Trust (QDT) was created in 2016 to temper changes to the tax rules for testamentary trusts (trusts set up by a Will). All testamentary trusts used to benefit from the graduated tax rates, however this was changed to tax all testamentary trusts at the top marginal rate. The QDT is an exception to the new rule that all testamentary trusts are taxed at the top marginal rate. A QDT now has access to the graduated tax rates that previously applied to all testamentary trusts. ...

Guardianship Applications under the Children’s Law Reform Act

Written by on July 15, 2018.

A minor is considered to be a person under the age of eighteen years. In Ontario, a parent is automatically the guardian of the person of his or her minor child.[1] However, a parent is not automatically the guardian of property of his or her minor child.[2] In certain circumstances, a parent can receive the authority to manage the finances of his or her child by statute, court order, or other document, such as a Will or life insurance policy. Where an adult person does not have the legal aut...

Financial Exploitation and Elder Abuse

Written by on February 21, 2018.

What is Elder Abuse? [1] Several millennia have passed since, according to the Book of Genesis, Jacob and his mother, Rebecca, conspired to trick Isaac who was, according to biblical scholars, by then an ailing and blind 130 year old man. They tricked him into believing that Jacob was his brother, Esau, thereby securing for Jacob an inheritance that was to go to Esau. Things worked out rather well for Jacob, what with his 12 sons, one of whom, with his multi-hued coat, inspired a musical. Thin...

Concerned Beneficiary? Court Finds Will Challenges Must Have Minimal Evidentiary Basis

Written by on February 07, 2018.

The recent decision in Seepa v Seepa, 2017 ONSC 5368 contains observations that may have an impact on future Will challenges under Rule 75.06 of the Rules of Civil Procedure and in particular, on the materials that must be placed before the court in the “Motion for Directions”, which typically initiates a Will challenge. The parties were the two children of the deceased. The deceased had created a new Will not long before she passed, and she left the residue of her Estate to her young...

Twelve FAQ for Wills and Estates

Written by on January 03, 2018.

Siskinds’ Will and Estate Lawyers respond to hundreds of calls each year. Here is a list of the questions I am most frequently asked, and my standard responses. How do we find out if there is a will? What happens in an intestacy? When is there a reading of the will? How do I get a copy of the will? What is required for a will to be valid? If there is more than one will, which one is valid? When should I receive my inheritance? The estate trustee (executor) is not resp...

What happens if a deceased’s will is lost? What if it has been destroyed?

Written by on August 12, 2016.

Estate trustees - an individual (or individuals) appointed to administer a deceased's estate - may find themselves unable to locate the original copy of the deceased's Will. Perhaps the Will has been misplaced, or destroyed. What is to be done in these situations? Luckily, the Rules of Civil Procedure provide a way forward. In this situation your lawyer can make an application to the court. Following Rule 75.02 of the Rules of Civil Procedure, the reviewing judge may issue a Certificate of Ap...

Whittling Down Our Testamentary Freedom

Written by on January 21, 2016.

Testamentary freedom – the principle that a person of sound mind is free to leave his or her estate to whomever they like, for whatever reason, and without explanation– is a deeply entrenched notion in Canadian common law and society. However, as those of us in the estates and trust field know quite well, testamentary freedom is not absolute; it is subject to numerous constraints and limitations. One such limitation arises from the doctrine of public policy which can void bequests that a...

Removing a Court-Appointed Guardian in Ontario

Written by on December 16, 2015.

Previous articles have discussed powers of attorney and guardianships and the duties and obligations of attorneys and guardians. But what can be done when a family member of the incapable person feels that the guardian or attorney is not acting appropriately? Occasionally, supportive friends or family members may have concerns about the actions taken by an attorney or guardian and may seek to have that person removed or replaced by the court. While the standard required to remove an attorney ...